Watch Glossary

  • Patina

    Patina is a sign of aging of the metal (usually copper and bronze). This specific finish of a metal's surface appears on a vintage fine watches made several decades ago. Collectors admire patina for some reasons. Firstly, it makes high end watches look noble and valuable. Secondly, watch connoisseurs love to see their timepieces aging gracefully, which is almost impossible with the modern watches. The thing is, that luxury watch brands nowadays use advanced technologies and the best materials that are made to withstand the passage of time. As a result, with careful treating a top-choice timepiece will not change its look even in ten or twenty years and stay pristine and perfect. Those nostalgic watch enthusiasts who like the signs of wear and time prefer buying fine watches with patina. Patina can look gorgeous on the quality material, so vintage fine watches by the famous brands are valued highly by the collectors for their tarnished old look. Bronze watches are the best choice for those who love patina, as the color of their cases deepens considerably. Besides being elegant and unique, these timepieces are usually high resistant to scratches, because the patina on the surface is not just an adornment, but very efficient, protective layer. Those who wish to buy watch with patina usually look for vintage collections or pre-used timepieces.

  • Pendulum

    Pendulum is a weight that swings freely due to gravity. Invented by Christiaan Huygens 1656, this mechanics has become an indispensable part of every clock. Pendulum clocks are often designed to be set by opening the glass cover and manually pushing the hands around the dial to the correct time. Pendulum clocks are considered to be not just utilitarian timekeepers, but also status symbols that represent the wealth and culture of a family. The pendulum is also an irreplaceable part of any mechanical or automatic luxury watch. It keeps time and ensures that the gears move at the accurate pace: second by second, creating a consistent beat. All mechanical fine watches are based upon a spring and a pendulum. The latter changes the potential energy of the spring to kinetic energy. There are many famous and respected luxury watch brands that manufacture automatic watches. One of the recent Tag Heuer's achievements is an amazing Tag Heuer Grand Carrera Pendulum watch. The company's craftsmen revolutionized the oscillator of a movement, creating an absolutely unique and technically advanced luxury watch. Rolex and Patek Philippe, two main fine watches manufacturers in the world, also have automatic timepieces in their collections. Ulysse Nardin, Cartier, Hublot, Roger Dubuis - all these high end watches manufacturers produce fabulous mechanic timepieces. More budget variants are also possible, as there are many brands producing low-cost automatic watches.

  • Perpetual Calendar

    Perpetual Calendar is a highly complicate mechanism that can be found in modern technologically advanced fine watches. Swiss craftsmen turned the watch industry upside down and created the perpetual calendar that needs no correction, even in the leap years, as the intricate mechanism does all the work. Non-perpetual calendars require manual correction of the date every month that has 30 days, but their delicate and complex counterparts make the lives of their owners a bit easier. Perpetual calendar of a luxury watch is a very smart mechanism, as keeps track of the date, months, years, and sometimes even centuries. Due to the complexity of the technology, fine watches with perpetual calendars are quite expensive, but they definitely worth every penny. The Patek Philippe Grand Complication luxury watch is one of the most famous representatives of a kind. Its sophisticated dial comprises displays that show day, month and year. This true work of art boasts high accuracy and reliability. IWC Portuguese Perpetual Calendar is another amazing watch with complications. Besides having a perpetual calendar, this Swiss watch sports precious materials and a seven day power reserve. The Master Grand Réveil model by Jaeger-LeCoultre is one of the most popular high end watches with perpetual calendar. It boasts in-house movement, mechanical alarm and moon phase display. There are many other luxury watch brands that produce timepieces with complications. Among them are Vacheron Constantin, Roger Dubuis, Girard Perregaux, etc.

  • Physical Vapor Disposition (PVD)

    PVD stands for “physical vapor deposition” and is a very effective way of literally blasting two metals to bond them. PVD finishing in fine watches is popular nowadays for many reasons. First of all, it is extremely durable and won't wear off. Although PVD coating is only a few microns thick, the molecules bond to the surface in such a way that they are almost impossible to remove once applied. This property makes PVD a perfect choice for bezels, crowns, bracelets, and other parts of a luxury watch. Secondly, physical vapor deposition eliminates reflective glare and adds a unique professional look. Modern PVD technologies are quite good, but usually depend upon the material that is being vaporized, and other details. The high-tech Swiss laboratories with the innovative equipment can produce quality PVD-coated metal which is used in the fascinating designer watches. There is a tremendously diverse selection of exquisite ladies watches, as well as bold and artfully crafted men's fine watches with PVD cases, bracelets and bezels. There are many luxury watch brands that manufacture timepieces with PVD coating. Audemars Piguet, Hublot, Romain Jerome are the most well-known companies which use physical vapor deposition in their high end watches. Those who have already bought a timepiece and want to add PVD coating to make it unique can pay extra money for this service.

  • Pinions

    A pinion is a delicate metal part used in different industries, such as cycling and automotive mechanics. Pinions are also used in watchmaking industry, as they are essential to the operation of a luxury watch. A pinion is a toothed part comprising teeth and made up of pivots, pivot shank (small rod), seat, and the leaves, In any watch, the pinion wheels, and the toothed wheels are parts of a watch's gear train. Pinion wheels transmit time measurement to the corresponding hands. Pinions are very small pieces of a luxury watch that require much time and skills to produce. The most valuable are parts that were manufactures in-house, because it means that the best craftsmen paid a lot of attention to each small piece of metal to make it perfect. Chronographs usually comprise oscillating pinions. This technology was invented by Tag Heuer in 1887 and helped to make fine watches more accurate. Chronographs with oscillating pinions are believed to function much more efficiently. Nowadays this mechanism is widely used by the best luxury watch brands in the manufacturing of mechanical chronographs. Tag Heuer, one of the most outstanding watchmaking companies, produce a great variety of high end watches with mechanical chronographs. Its chronograph watches for men attract the most elegant clientèle due to precise movements, refined lines and holistic excellence. Among the other brands that manufacture mechanical chronographs are Breitling and Piaget.

  • Plain

    Minimalism is coming in fashion nowadays and simple, or so-called plain luxury watches are becoming trendy. These days, less is definitely more. Today contemporary watch design is swinging in the direction of minimalism and many luxury watch brands create their timepieces in such style. The time of obtrusive, oversized wrist-crushers is gone. The most fashionable fine watches have pared-back dials in ultra-slim cases. With understated straps, they encourage a sense of deliberate elegance. One of the best samples of plain high-end watches is a Till Watch Steel. This timepiece features a traditional analog watch dial, but the hours are obscured by a rotating mask. After the top of the hour, the minute of this piece of high-end luxury watches simply reads “10 past”. And as it comes closer to the next hour, you can read “5 Till”. The clean, laconic dial of this timepiece without numbers and sixty tick marks can only serve to compose you if you are running late. Another perfect example of plain prestige watches is a Very Smart plain Gold Quartz Watch. This delicate piece has an obscure dial without any hour markers. There are only gold hands on the dial. Another example of plain timepieces is a Very Large Plain Faced Quartz Watch. Although the dial of this timepiece has the hour markers, it looks very simple and pleasant.

  • Plate

    The term “plate” is usually mentioned when it is going about the main plate or the back plate of the watch. A plate of luxury watches is a solid, flat piece of metal that is commonly round, or disc shaped. The main plate is like the motherboard. It is the piece that the movement is attached to. This is where the movement of fine watches is fixed. The back plate is like a back wall that keeps the watch movement bended reliably inside the case. The plate is specially shaped and drilled, to hold together the elements of the movement of high-end watches. It also holds all the gears in their respective places. Plates are often made of brass. They can also be made of gold and stainless steel. One of the items of high-end luxury watches with gold plates is a Hugo Boss Brown Leather Strap Watch that is very elegant and stylish at the same time. Another example of prestige watches is a sophisticated Raymond Weil Tango Watch with gold hands and hour markers. The example of famous designer watches with steel plates is Seiko Two Tone Bracelet Watch with gold hands. Another sample of timepieces with steel plates is a Citizen EcoDrive with transparent gold hands and gold hour makers. There is also another piece of such timepieces is a Citizen titanium EcoDrive Watch

  • Platinum Watch

    Platinum's rarity and incredible quality have caused people to associate it with wealth and exclusivity. Although its use is not as common as the use of silver or gold, platinum is considered a precious material. This silver-toned metal is used in the production of the luxury jewelry and fine watches. Designers like to combine platinum with yellow gold, as they beautifully contrasts with each other, creating a unique and fashionable mix. Besides being beautiful, platinum is extremely strong material that won't wear down even in 50 years. One can be sure that it will never lose its rich white luster. If a platinum luxury watch gets scratched, it's not a problem, because it can be easily polished. Moreover, this metal is so valuable because it secures precious germs and diamonds. Taking into account all these features, it's not a surprise that luxury watch brands love to use platinum in their timepieces. Rolex, one of the best watchmakers in the world, manufactures stunning platinum fine watches. Rolex Oyster Day-Date Watch, for example, is a noble representative of the best luxury watches. Its impressive platinum case and bracelet are an expression of style and watchmaking mastery. The OMEGA Seamaster Planet Ocean Platinum is another popular platinum timepiece. This Swiss watch features complex and delicate technologies and precious finishing. Harry Winston, Audemars Piguet, Breguet, Patek Philippe and many other brands produce beautiful platinum watches that will suit every occasion and tastes.

  • Power Reserve and Power Reserve Indicator

    The power reserve indicator is a complication of luxury watches, designed to show the amount of remaining stored energy. The power reserve indicates the tension on the mainspring at any certain moment. The power reserve indicator is one of the most useful features of mechanical fine watches besides the actual time display. In order to run at a regular rate a mechanical timepiece needs to have at least 30 per cent of its mainspring wound. A piece of automatic high-end watches needs to be worn for about 10-15 hours before it is fully wound. The power reserve indicator displayed on the timepiece with automatic –winding movement reveals how long a watch will function when not worn. The one displayed with a manual winding movement shows the time left for its next winding. Power reserve indicators were invented for marine chronometers and later in the Railroad grade pocket watches. Nowadays they are used in prestige watches that are worn on the wrist. The first wristwatch with a power reserve indicator was created by Breguet in 1933. The power reserve indicator is like fuel gauge, it reveals the wearer how much energy the mainspring is holding. By looking at the indicator, the wearer can determine if he has to manually wind his luxury watch to give it more power, wear the timepiece longer or check for multifunction of the automatic winding. Or the wearer of the piece of best luxury watches can be assured that the available power is adequate.

  • Power Source

    The movement is the main source of power of every luxury watch. There are many kinds of movements presented in modern fine watches, and each of them has a different power source. A quartz movement, for example, uses a battery for its power source. It usually depends on the quality of a timepiece, but the battery should last between twelve and twenty four months. When it stops working, it needs to be replaced as soon as possible to avoid the damaging of the movement. Quartz high end watches are considered to be one of the most accurate and reliable timepieces, so there are many luxury watch brands producing quartz timekeepers. Among them are Harry Winston, Chopard, Cartier, Patek Philippe, etc. An auto-quartz movement has no battery and no springs, but it still works with the highest accuracy due to the unique system of storing energy. The world-famous brand Swatch manufactures amazing fine watches with Autoquartz technology. Manual movement, the oldest type of movement in watches, needs to be wound in order to function, so the power source of the manual timepiece is the winding. These fine watches are one of the most cherished by the collectors and watch enthusiasts as they represent the timeless tradition. An automatic, or self-winding, movement uses the motion of the wrist to store energy. A self-winding watch can be worn without constant rewinding. Rolex, IWC, Patel Philippe and many other brands produce automatic watches for men and women.


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