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Watch Glossary

  • Gear Train

    The gear train, which is also known as the wheel train, is a system of gears, which transmits the force of the power source from the mainspring of the high-end watch to the escapement mechanism to drive the balance wheel. These gears are designed with so-called teeth in order to provide a smooth transmission of rotation from one gear to the next. The large gears of the luxury watch mechanism are, usually, called wheels, and small gears are known as pinions. These wheels and pinions in their turn are mounted on the shafts that are called arbors. In fine watches such arbors have jewel bearings (for example, synthetic sapphires or rubies). The gear train also commands the display mechanism. It calculates the time according to the gear ratio between each wheel. A separate set of such wheels, called the motion work, maintain the speed of rotation by moving the hour wheel, the minute wheel and the seconds wheel, which control the hands of the luxury watch. As faster movement means more wear, each component of the motion work is moving more slowly, beginning from the balance wheel and moving back in the wheel train. As you have already understood, gear trains form the functional backbone of all mechanical fine watches. They are an integral and very important part of every high-end watch mechanism.

  • Gender

    Historically, the first wrist watch was a lady's watch. Nowadays, the designer watches for men are created, and the fine watches for women are created as well. Moreover, some watch producers create the unisex watch models, so it is possible to find watches without a gender division. So, ladies and men today are happy to have a great choice of luxury watches for women and high end watches for men. The high end watches for men and the fine watches for women are presented in a wide price range, designs, precious stones coverage or precious metals including. Luxury ladies watches of such watch brands like Omega, Tag Heuer, Raymond Weil and some others are presented for women today. Designer watches for men are presented by a great variety of the watch companies around the world. The luxury watch industry is developing today, and not only wristwatches are produced for ladies. As we already know, the first watch was a pocket watch, and this luxury watch was created for men. The first wrist watch was created for ladies. Today the ladies luxury watch connoisseurs can enjoy a unique high end watch performed as a beautiful pocket watch. For example, the Swiss watch from M.S. Rau Antiques is the luxury pocket watch for ladies. The lady's watches often differ the men's watches with its design as a basic point the women pay their attention at. The watch case of ladies watches is more slim and fine when the watches for men can be heavier and created with a bigger watch case. The men buy watches checking more the functional characteristics of the high end watch like accuracy that as very important feature. The divers pay much attention to a water resistant feature and to the quality of screws and gaskets. The watch strap design and strap buckles can be a point of difference on a gender basis. Such strap buckle like "butterfly" buckle is more preferred by men when ordinary "tang" buckle is always good for ladies. Maybe it is because the "butterfly" is more convenient with its practical feature, when the watch always remains on hand even being unfastened. The "tang" buckle is more fine mechanism, and practical convenience is not the feature number one of the buckle device. Anyway, gender distinction is not always 100% working, though the main gender characteristics remain.

  • GMT (Complication or Function)

    GMT or Greenwich Mean Time means the “0” point on the 24-hour scale of international time zones. It has been accepted as the basis for standard time in most countries of the world. Sometimes it is also called UTC, especially in some German timepieces. Most GMT luxury watches show the time at least in two time zones, for example, the home time of the wearer and the local time. So, the GMT function is probably the most useful complication of the high-end watch, especially for travelers and businessmen. Let’s take a closer look to the GMT fine watch complication. As well as the conventional watch it has a second hand, a minute hand, an independent 12-hour hand that shows local time and a setting crown. In addition to this the GMT complication includes an extra 24-hour hand that displays home time (it is, usually, arrow-shaped and red), a date window and a bidirectional rotating bezel. The last one does not always present on the luxury watch, but if it does, it can show 24-hour subdivisions, major cities names or 360 degrees. This rotating bezel with 24-hour markers can indicate a third time zone. Moreover, you can even use the GMT designer watch display as a rough solar compass. The most popular luxury watch brands, which produce timepieces with GMT complication, are Rolex, Omega, Hublot, Perrelet, Ulysse Nardin and some others.

  • GMT (Greenwich Mean Time)

    GMT (Greenwich Mean Time) is international time, the basis of the world time clock. It sets current time or official time around the globe. This time system divides the globe into 24 parts. Greenwich in London is longitude 0° 0' 0", which makes it the “0” point. So GMT marks the starting point of every time zone in the World. Others time zones are plus or minus GMT depending on their location and remoteness from Greenwich. GMT complications are probably the most useful and popular features on the designer watches produced by luxury watch brands. Most GMT high-end watches have two hands that display the time in a 12-hour format and one 24-hour hand. The last one is, usually, separately adjustable, but in the same time it can just indicate whether the time is AM or PM. Many of the luxury GMT watches additionally have a rotating 24-hour bezel. It can be decorated with diamonds or any other jewels. GMT high-end watches are used to show minimum two time zones at once. But if the dial is already equipped with the GMT scale, the rotating bezel can be used to track a third time zone. This function of the luxury watches is very useful especially for people who travel a lot or do business in different time zones.

  • Gold Plated

    Gold plating is a method of applying a thin layer of pure gold onto the top of another less expensive base metal by electroplating it. The metal that is often used below the gold is steel, copper or silver. Industry standards dictate that .15 to .25 mils of gold should be applied during the plating process. A good gold plated fine watch can actually appear to look like solid gold but at the same time the price of such an item is much lower. Many luxury watch brands use this method in producing designer watches because one of its biggest advantages is the fact that it is fairly strong. Such modern high-end watches will be very durable as the gold is plated over a stronger metal. Sometimes the gold can wear off, it depends on the thickness of the gold and how much the item is worn. However, gold plated luxury watches are very fashionable, especially when they are combined with jewels and other high-end complications. Gold plating can be in yellow, white, green and rose gold. Best watchmaking companies, usually, use 18 karat gold or even 24 karat pure gold that contains no alloys, but there can also be other variants. Without doubts, all gold -plated high and luxury watches are very desirable and a pleasure to wear. Moreover, the price on such designer watches is always very attractive.

  • Gold Watch

    Gold is one of the most precious metals. No doubt, it has its own unique, unbelievable power. It is the perfect and magnificent component of fine watches in the world today. Luxury watch brands use this material in designer watches in order to show a stunning combination of beauty and craftsmanship of a truly mesmeric product - a gold watch. Such high-end watches are, usually, presented with karat weights ranging from 14-24k. As pure gold is too soft for everyday wear, it is often alloyed with another stronger metal. It also gives an opportunity to create different colors of gold. So thanks to this method of production you can buy the watch in white, rose, yellow or even green gold combined with traditional gold. It is very important that luxury gold watches will not tarnish. They will hold their value the best over the years and can be passed down for generations. Such fine gold watches will always add a touch of luxury and sophistication to any of your looks. These items of exclusive jewelry decorated with diamonds or any other jewels will show your fashion-forward sense of style. Luxury gold watches from some of the most prestigious brands in the world are, of course, an exquisite piece of jewelry. Besides, a gold watch is always a good long-term investment.

  • Guilloche

    Guilloché (or guilloche) is a fine decorative technique of engraving the watch plate with a very precise and unique pattern. The repetitive fine drawing with a very precise pattern ornaments and beatifies the watch’s plate. Opposed to guilloche featured watches, the plain dial watches are more widespread and look like less time-consuming. Lot of luxury watches are created with a plain watch plate. For example, the Jaquet Droz luxury watch with ivory enameled plate is quite nice and can be an alternative to a Breguet designer watch with a high-quality guilloche decorated plate. It depends on the taste and preference of each watch connoisseur. The guilloche fine carving technic can be applied not only to the surface of designer watch. The other watch’s parts like bezel or the crown can be precisely carved and decorated. Ralph-Lauren Watch Company presents its sporting fine watch with guilloche ornamented bezel and dial. Tourby Guilloché 1 luxury watch is issued with precisely carved watch crown and guilloche garnished watch plate. François-Paul Journe created a luxury watch with a watch case in guilloche silver. This high end watch model is created with a movement that is protected by an impressive silver guilloche case back cover. Not only a wrist watch producers use the fine guilloche carving of their watches. The pocket luxury watches are also the items to be guilloche patterned. The Antique Swiss Pocket Watch from M.S. Rau Antiques is the example of the luxury pocket watch with seed pearls and with a merlot red guilloche enamel that cover the dial and back.


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