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Watch Glossary

  • Manual Movement

    The movement of the best luxury watches that needs to be manually wounded by use of a crown or key and spring system. This type of watches is less accurate that quartz or automatic watches, but these are the rarest fine watches and most traditional type of the movements. The movement calls manual or hand winding because the wearer must turn the special detail ‘crown' periodically, often daily for storing energy to run the watch. The wearer must do it right till the next winding. Manual luxury watches are often loved by their beautiful display of the watch movement, which can, usually, be seen through the case-back. The most important feature of the high-end watches with mechanical movement is that is the mainspring that must be manually rotated to stock potential energy. This mainspring unwinds slowly remitting energy to move the gears that inspire the watch's time study functions. Winding intervals for the fine watches with manual movement depend on the power saved a capacity of the movement, which could be 24 hours to five days or more. For example, the high-end luxury watch from Panerai Luminor 1950 GMT has an eight-day power reserve it only needs to be wound nearly every eight days. There are cases when wearers of a manual wind watch used to wind their watch every time they put it on.

  • Manufacturer

    Luxury watch manufacturers (or brands) merely assemble components made by others to produce fine watches. Brands can sometimes be a simple marketing organization that has nothing to do with the process of production of the fine watches. Some brands simply collaborate with the watchmakers and put their name on the ready products. Watchmaking companies produce high end watches as well as in-house movements. The Swiss watchmaking companies are considered to be the best in the world. Such companies as Rolex, Breitling, Baume et Mercier, Patek Philippe and many others create a great variety of fascinating luxury timepieces for men and women that fit every occasion and tastes. A Swiss watch is something every collector would love to possess, as it's an exclusive creation designed for the most elegant clientèle. As well-known companies have a long and impressive history, each of them has developed its unique style, personality and heritage. It's almost impossible to choose which company is the all-time best. The most popular manufacturers are probably Rolex and Omega. Their fine watches are admired all across the globe and have achieved cult status. However, there are manufacturers that belong to the high-end spheres of horology. The most elite watch brands design timepieces for royalty and the richest people in the world. Patek Philippe, for example, creates the most expensive, technically advanced watches. This company is known for the establishing of the groundbreaking technologies that turned the watch industry upside down.

  • Mechanical Movement

    The most traditional and the oldest type of a movement in the best luxury watches is mechanical movement. Mechanical watch with manual monument differs from the normal quartz watch in that fact that it uses merely mechanical components to keep time. Mechanical watch with a manual movement can run for 40 hours on a full winding. There are few designs of the best luxury watches that are available to work up to 8 or even ten days. The fundamental design of the mechanical watches has not changed that much in the past last fifty years. By the time, it has appeared modern design and high technologies in the manufacture of fine watches. Therefore, mechanical watches of the popular luxury brands of watches are now a prerogative of watch enthusiasts and collectors of the high-end watches. Nowadays the vast majority of the high-end mechanical watches are furnished with automatic movements. The hand wound mechanical movement is very small percent of most companies’ total production. Mechanical movements of the luxury watches can get or lose a few minutes over a month, that’s why the wearer of this type of fine watch must set the time regularly to ensure the accuracy. Mechanical watches are crafted just as their forerunners were before the age of battery power. If someone appreciates the European tradition of designing fine timekeeping instruments, he or she may prefer watches with mechanical movements because well-constructed high-end watches for men and women can last for generations.

  • Meteo

    Meteometer is a complication that determines the weather forecast or temperature by measuring the atmospheric pressure. To put it simply, it's just a barometer, embedded in the luxury watch. Of course, there are hardly many people who use this complication, as well as such fancy features like moon-phase indicator or rattrapante, but it actually can be very useful in professional activities. Pilots, for example, can determine weather conditions relying on the readout of the barometer. Owners of fine watches with barometers often have difficulty with forecasting the weather. The rule is that if the air pressure decreases, it usually brings clouds and precipitation. Increasing air pressure, on the other hand, indicates clearing or fair weather. Meteometer is a delicate complication that requires much time and skills to manufacture, so fine watches with meteo are usually expensive and rare. One of the luxury watch brands that produce timepieces with meteometer is a Swiss company Tissot. Tissot Women's T047.220.46.126.00 is an amazing ladies watch that sports such features as chronograph, altimeter, thermometer, compass, and, of course, meteometer. Tissot T-Touch Expert Mens Watch T013.420.11.057.00 is a stunning Swiss watch for men which feature altimeter and barometer. TISSOT - T33.7.888.92 is another representative of the high end watches. This exclusive timepiece is made of platinum and boasts chronograph, altimeter, thermometer, compass and meteometer. Travelers can feel secure wearing this fascinating horological device.

  • Minute Repeater

    A minute repeater is a complication of luxury watches, which can identify the time due to the sounds of various modes. The given function is usually activated by pressing a special button. This device consists of two springs of circular cross-spring. Moreover, a minute repeater is an irreplaceable complication in the night, because this watch honks and it is not necessary to eye a dial. In general, the items of fine watches with the given complication are rather rare and expensive, because it is very original and interesting addition. Nowadays, there are no many trademarks of Swiss watches, which produce the watch with a minute repeater. The Breguet was the first luxury watch company, which started to produce the wrist timepieces with minute repeater. Then, the Zenith, Audemars Piguet, Corum, Patek Philippe and Breitling brands followed this lead. A minute repeater is a delicate singularity of any item of high-end watches, it is intended for people who appreciate various interesting and unusual details. The Breitling J28362 Bentley Flying B 18k White Gold Diamond Watch is extremely attractive example of the best luxury watches for men, which has a set of useful functions. A minute repeater is one of the complications of this blazing diamond timepiece, which has a case of white gold. Moreover, this manly vivid accessory is equipped with a date window on the position of 12 o’clock.

  • Moon Phase Watches

    Moon phase watches are one of the most popular complicated fine watches nowadays. Although the moon phase complication can be quite useful and practical (mostly in professional affairs), for the majority of watch enthusiasts it remains a pretty and eye-catching feature. The high end watches that are equipped with the moon phase indicator have a rotating disc that presents the illuminated portion of the Moon. Some luxury watch brands pay much attention to the design of their moon phase watches and use various creative ways to display the phases, others just make a simple-looking display with the Moon. The most famous brands have moon phase watches in their collections. Swiss manufacturer Patek Philippe, which is well-known for its delicate and unique complications, created its Perpetual Calendar Moon Phase model. Besides the moon-phase aperture, this masterpiece of haute horlogerie boasts day, month and leap year indicators. Patek Philippe is extremely popular when it comes to moon phase complications. Annual Calendar Moon Phase is another luxury watch from the Complication collection, featuring day, month, moon-phase and power reserve displays. Swiss brands have always been at the forefront of watchmaking industry, and Jaeger-LeCoultre is not an exception. Its Master Calendar Swiss watch features fascinating moon phase indicator which organically fits in the overall look. Among other brands producing moon phase fine watches are Audemars Piguet, Girard Perregaux, Roger Dubuis, Zenith, Breitling, etc.

  • Mother of Pearl

    Mother of Pearl represents an inner solid and iridescent layer of some shells, for example oysters or mussels. Mother of Pearl consists of thin layers of calcium carbonate. For centuries, it has been widely used in jewelry. Many watch manufacturers use Mother of Pearl for their luxury watches. This glimmering material is not easy to work with. As it is ultra thin, it can be easy broken. Depending on the complicacy of the dial, the production can take over four or six weeks. Mother of Pearl is full of surprises. Depending on the part of the shell, from which it was derived, it can be pink, white, black or yellow. The Mother of Pearl dials of high-end watches are not artificially colored. It takes a lot of effort to improve its natural beauty and to keep its original hints. All prestige watches with Mother of Pearl dials are exclusive pieces. Due to the latest technologies, the manufacturers of fine watches create Mother of Pearl of various colors, from snow-white to dark blue. The best luxury watches with Mother of Pearl dials from famous brands are preferred by representatives of the jet set. Although this material has never been the most expensive one, it has always been very popular. That is because the genuine beauty cannot be measured with money. Nowadays many watchmakers complement compositions of precious stones in their famous designer watches with the inimitable Mother of Pearl.

  • Movement

    A watch movement is a heart and a driving force of any luxury watch. A mechanical movement releases its energy from the mainspring where it constantly stores its energy charge. This stored energy is being released by repeated bursts and is under control by such devices as escapement and regulator. The bursting energy, coming from a mainspring, moves the watch hands around the dial by means of transmission wheels. This energy appears by winding the mainspring by hand, in case of manual-winding. Automatic winding transforms the energy from a hand’s shaking during the process of designer watch owner's walking or running. The mechanical movement consists of many complicated parts like gears, springs, wheels, screws and many others. Many years the watchmakers improved, complicated and puzzled their complex watch mechanisms of transmission the energy to the watch's hand. Today there is a great variety of high end watch movements, and every device is very much unique and original. The quartz luxury watch movement is a complex mechanism that gets the energy from a quartz crystal. The power provided from a battery or capacitor flows to quartz crystal that oscillates and moves the watch hands. It is considered that the quartz luxury watch movement is more accurate than a mechanical one, but, of course, it depends of the high end watch producer. The quartz and mechanical movements are under the measuring of performance and accuracy. Mechanical movement’s accuracy can be -4/+6 seconds per day, when quartz movement’s accuracy can be expected as +/-0.2 seconds per day.

  • New (Without Tags)

    An item of high-end watches is believed to be new without tags if it has never been purchased but it was used as a store display piece. It could also be owned by a collector, who kept it in a good condition. Nowadays, there are a lot of sources where you can buy luxury watches that are new without tags. New fine watches without tags are sold online on many websites. Although the term “new without tags’ is more commonly used for closes and shoes, it is also mentioned in watch descriptions. One of the representatives of new best luxury watches without tags is Tag Heuer Carrera Chronograph Watch, a stylish timepiece equipped with two chronographs. Another piece of prestige watches tat is sold new without tags is Emporio Armani Sport Watch. This is a restrained-looking timepiece with a masculine character. New Women`s Men`s Quartz Wristwatch is another example of high-end watches that is sold new without tags. This elegant timepiece won`t leave you indifferent. New watches without tags can be sold not in the original packaging or their packaging materials, such as boxes or bags can be missing. Also the tags may be not attached. Another great timepiece that we can mention in this category is Authentic Rolex Milgauss Green Watch. This sophisticated watch will be suitable to any occasion.

  • Nickel Free

    Nickel is often used in watchmaking to either alter the color, or to strengthen the metal in order to make it more durable. People with nickel allergy can have allergic reactions even to the gold, because manufacturers mix it with nickel to make the fine watches solid. One of the safest choices for the watch enthusiasts allergic to nickel is a stainless steel luxury watch. There is a tremendously diverse selection of men's and ladies watches made of stainless steel. Almost every luxury watch brand manufactures stainless steel timepieces as they are reliable and durable. People with nickel allergy can look for the suitable fine watches in collections of such companies as Patek Philippe, Omega, Audemars Piguet, Roger Dubuis and many others. Although manufacturers usually claim to ensure the purest materials, even the best high end watches can contain small amounts of nickel. Those who have strong nickel allergy should choose titanium watches. Besides being absolutely safe, this material is much stronger and lighter than steel, but it's also more expensive. Swiss brand Tissot produces top-notch titanium watches. Its chronograph watches for men are extremely durable timepieces with strong identity. In addition to hypoallergic material, these masterpieces boast uncompromising quality and high design. Titanium fine watches for ladies can also be found in many collections of luxury brands, as well as in more budget lines.

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