Watch Glossary

  • Integrated Bracelet

    Luxury watch brands produce their exclusive items with different kinds of bands that are divided into bracelets and straps. Bracelet is a watch band consisted of assembled metal links, and strap is a band made from non-metal material, such as leather or rubber. Often a bracelet can be changed to a strap. But not always. Some high-end watches have so-called integrated bracelets. So what does integrated bracelet mean? It is a band that is incorporated into the design of the case and does not include a standard strap connection. Thus, the bracelet and the case create a single piece of art. Such bands are designed to focus the attention directly on the luxury watch and not to detract from it. Moreover, these bracelets enhance the aesthetic character of a fine watch. They are really quite comfy on the wrist. Integrated bracelets of the high-end watches can be made of stainless steel, sterling silver, gold, platinum or a combination of these metals. They can also be decorated with diamonds and other gems. Such bracelets are more common on ladies watches, but they also can be found on timepieces for men. For example, this kind of a band is used in Constellation collection by Omega, Nautilus collection by Patek Philippe, Royal Oak collection by Audemars Piguet and so on.

  • Jewels

    Jewels are precious stones used to decorate the designer watches. Such stones are typically set into precious metals (gold, silver, platinum or titanium). Exclusive timepieces adorned with beautiful gems are always very elegant and magnificent. The most famous gemstone used by luxury watch brands is diamond of course. Other jewels, such as emeralds, rubies or sapphires, are also commonly used by watch manufacturers. But when we talk about a high-end watch movement, jewels mean synthetic sapphires or rubies that act as bearings for gears in order to reduce friction. So what do they do in the fine watch mechanism? First of all, these stones have a very smooth surface that let the metal parts slide easily. Secondly, they are extremely hard to withstand high frequency of abrasion and wearing. They also resist temperature better than metal and hold lubricant much longer. Luxury watch movement should contain at least 17 jewels, but it can also be 21 jewels, or 25 jewels. The most common types of the jewels used in designer watch movement are whole jewels that fit over the gear axles, cap jewels placed on the ends of the axles, pallet jewels that are on the pallet fork and roller jewel placed on the large balance wheel. So the amount of jewels in a high-end watch movement is definitely an indicator of its quality.

  • Jumping Hours

    The circular motion of the hands is considered to be the most "natural" way to show the time, apparently because it recalls the moving of the planets, the Moon and the Sun. There are, however, luxury watches with other types of dials, one of them is a jumping display, which is usually used to show the hour. Instead of the hands such type of the dial features a disc with the hour indicators, resembling a calendar aperture. On each hour, the complicated mechanism causes the disc to jump forward and blocks its position until the following hour. Jumping hours are usually combined with retrograde minutes. This technically advanced mechanism, used in the top-choice fine watches, is becoming very popular nowadays, because it opens up a realm of possibilities for the talented craftsmen to show their inventiveness in cutting-edge dials. Although jump hours possess bold simplicity, their inner workings are extremely complicated. Because of their complexity, high end watches with jumping hours are offered by only the best luxury watch brands. As jump hours require more time to produce than standard fine watches, these masterpieces usually are quite expensive and rare. A. Lange & Söhne’s delicate Zeitwerk, for example, is so unusual and unique, that there is a waiting list of those who wishes to buy this watch. Among the companies that manufacture timepieces with jumping hours are Cartier, Harry Winston, Bulgari, Audemars Piguet and many others.

  • Karat

    The descriptions of the luxury watches usually contain the information about the karat. This word refers to the purity of the gold used in the timepiece. The highest purity is 24k, which means that it's the gold without any admixtures. Most of the luxury watch brands use 14k gold with the addition of copper or silver, because pure gold is too soft. Karate number of gold is very important, as it affects its price, strength, usefulness, as well as its color. Although 24k gold is considered to be the best and the most expensive, it's usually unsuitable for the production of fine watches. Modern brands tend to create solid timepieces with the long-term reliability, so 14k and 18k gold is the best choice for this. There is a great variety of different high end gold watches for men and women. The top-choice designer watches feature yellow gold, white gold and rose gold of different karat numbers. Audemars Piguet Jules Audemars Tourbillon, for example, is one of the best representatives of gold watches. This item of fine watches boasts 18k rose gold, which creates a distinctive identity and grabs everyone's attention. The world-famous Swiss brand Patek Philippe manufactures a tremendously diverse selection of gold watches. Its Celestial Grand Complication timepiece is made of 18k white gold, which would satisfy even the most discerning watch connoisseurs.

  • Lap Timer

    A common concept when training in any sort of speed sport is that of lap times. Lap time is your time in between splits. The lap timer of the best luxury watches show how long it takes to get from one split to the next. The timepiece then starts over on the next lap. Analyzing you lap times can help you improve your training and pace yourself through a race. Lap timer is a perfect complication to have in a luxury watch, if you are a coach, or an athlete. If you do speed sessions based on effort over time rather than distance, the item of fine watches with a lap timer function helps. They differ in sophistication, and in fact, most aren`t so great. The classic version allows you to set a single time and specify whether you want the timer of high-end watches to beep and repeat the countdown at the end of the first cycle; beep and stop; beep and count upwards. Unless you plan to run a continuous session of equal-length efforts, you would have to do many button-pushing to make a lap timer useful because it`s so inflexible. A lap timer of high-end luxury watches that lets you set different-length segments into the same cycle is better. If you want a good session that even a basic lap timer of prestige watches can manage, you need a fixed distance to cover.

  • Limited Edition

    Limited edition is the original design of the luxury watches adapted to be reproduced in a limited number of copies. Often it means that the watchmaker has made a certain quantity of specific timepieces, which are unique in one way, or another. Such designer watches, usually, combine perfect craftsmanship with unexpected details. Limited edition can also mean that this fine watch is not going to be around very long. It can also be a better version of the main item that is disappearing fast. Sometimes to design a limited edition timepiece watchmakers team up with celebrities, whose signatures can be printed on the back plate of the watch. Such fashionable timepieces can be hard to come by. So, how to find out if your designer watch is actually limited in production? Most of the luxury watch brands have an issue engraved number at the back of the case or another place. For example, if your timepiece has number 50, it means you got watch 50 out of 100 made. These flawlessly crafted designs of perfection of the luxury watches will be treasured for a lifetime. Buy your limited edition watch and you will become a real collector of the rare and exclusive timepieces. It is also a great feeling having such an exceptional high-end watch strapped to your wrist.

  • Luminescence

    Luminescence is emission of light by a substance not resulting from heat; it is thus a form of cold body radiation. Luminous luxury watches have dials that glow in the dark, so you can see the time at night. They were invented in the early 20th century by Guido Panerai who experimented with luminous substances and created a blending of radium bromide and zinc sulphide. Initially, luminous timepieces carried serious radioactive threat to people. The radioactive threat of radium was unknown at first. Nowadays, such fine watches are safe. Today, technologies for luminous high-end watches use small gas lights that are self-powered. Modern luminous compounds fall into two categories: light charged and “safe” radioactive compounds. The first category charge up in sunlight. Through the use of Swiss technology, the second category uses a glass tube that contains a gas called tritium. A luminous substance coats the glass tube. These gas lights shine bright. They carry no risks of radiation. Even if the gas escapes, the amount quantity of radiation would be insignificant. Many modern luminous high-end luxury watches use a substance called Super-LumiNova with luminescence pigments. It engages strontium oxide aluminate chemistry that makes prestige watches safety luminous. The LumiNova imbibes daylight and if fully charged in 30 minutes. The charge can last all night. A lot of famous designer watches today use this safe substance.

  • Luxury Watch

    Luxury watch is a term used to characterize a watch that is awesome, unique and exclusive. It can be worn for many generations. Luxury watches have a very long history. They are one of the most essential status symbols for men and women all over the world. So what’s the difference between a watch and a luxury watch? First of all it’s the high-end movement, as the timepiece has to function at the highest level. The most common movements include jewel movement (should have at least 19 jewels), automatic/self-winding movement, quartz movement, highly intricate mechanical movement or chronograph movement. The other one feature of the luxury watch is its style. For example, it can be vintage style, diving watches, sports watches or limited edition watches. But the main thing about these fine watches is always best materials used in manufacturing, such as gold, titanium, platinum, leather and many others. Precious stones (diamonds, rubies, sapphires, emeralds, etc.) are also one of the inherent components of the designer watches. The most famous luxury watches brands are Jaeger LeCoultre, Patek Phillipe, Rolex, IWC, Zenith, Breitling, Audemars Piguet, TAG Heuer, Hublot, Cartier and some others. Every fine watch is very creative and innovative. It also has a high quality of hand-finishing. Besides, the high and luxury watch should be as accurate as possible. Having such a timepiece on your wrist means you're stepping out in style.

  • Main Plate

    Every device has a foundation, on which the mechanism is built. The main plate is the biggest element of the watch mechanism and other details are fixed on it. Moreover, the shape of an example of luxury watches depends on the main plate. The bridges and the props of watch wheels always mounted in it. The size of the main plate usually characterized by the caliber. Usually, the main plate and bridges are made of brass, they are golden in the mechanism of many items of fine watches, and if it is the main plate of an exclusive model of prestige watches, it is probably accomplished of transparent synthetic sapphire. The ruby bearings or stones provide the reliable fixation of all the details of the main plate and bridges. Nowadays the producers of high-end watches employ synthetic ruby. The method of synthesis of this stone was invented in the late XIX century by the French scientist Auguste Verneuil. The mechanism of the old pocket watch consists of two plates and it is not so easy to put them together and make it work; it was necessary to find another way to create the watch mechanism. The French watchmaker Jean-Antoine Lepine decided to split the plate and make several bridges for the mechanism of luxury watch in 1770. His invention became a magnificent solution and rescue for the manufacturer of the items of luxury watches. Nowadays, the timepieces are more subtle due to this dazzling invention of talented watchmaker.

  • Main Spring

    A mainspring is a metal principal spiral twisted spring, which is used as a power source in clockwork mechanisms, in particular in mechanical watches produced by luxury watch brands. A high-end watch mainspring is a long strip, usually, made of steel. It is about 20–30 cm long and 0.05-0.2 mm thick. Mechanical movements with a mainspring can be manual or automatic. The main idea for both of them is the following: when you turn the knob or crown, the kinetic energy from the winding is sent to the coil formed mainspring causing it to store energy. The gear train then transmits this energy to the escapement, which distributes the energy into equal, regulated parts. The balance wheel begins to beat and meters the energy to the hands of the luxury watch, making them move. In other words, this energy turns the watch's wheels by uncoiling. This process occurs until the next winding is necessary. Designer watches with automatic movements have the same parts, but with the additional component - a rotor. It is connected by a series of gears to the mainspring that allows it to swing freely in 360 degrees as the wrist moves. When the rotor turns, it winds the mainspring and thus powers the fine watch. Such a movement is the oldest and most popular type of watch movement, that’s why it is, usually, found in high and luxury watches.


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