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Watch Glossary

  • Spring Bars

    Watch spring bars are the part of your luxury watch that keeps the watch band, watch clasp, or links held in place and allow you to quickly and easily remove the band for repair or adjustment. Spring bars and spring pins of fine watches are made with a hardened metal spring inside an outer steel rod with one or two protruding notched steps that allow you to release the tension and remove or insert the spring bar. Single shoulder spring bars of high-end watches will have only one step, while double shoulder spring bars have two steps that can be pushed in from either side. Each end of the bar of high-end luxury watches collapses inward under pressure and then extends when placed into the holes of the watch case lugs. The lugs are the two metal or plastic “legs” that protrude from each end of the watch case. Bars are sold in different sizes and styles. Generally, heavy prestige watches require heavier spring bars. Spring bars are compressed between the two shoulders of the best luxury watches` case and fit into indentations on the inside of the metal shoulders. Bars come in different lengths so that they can fit different sizes of watch case and therefore different strap sizes. They also come in different diameters. The common diameter is 1.8 mm, which fit most timepieces.

  • Stainless Steel Watch

    Stainless steel is not a single material. It is a family of corrosion resistant steels. The advantageous properties of stainless steel can be seen when compared to standard plain carbon mild steel. Although stainless steels have a wide range of properties, when compared with carbon mild steel, stainless steel has: higher corrosion resistance, higher work hardening rate, higher hot strength, higher hardness, higher ductility, a more attractive appearance, lower maintenance. All stainless steel are iron-based alloys that contain a minimum of around 10.5% Chromium. The Chromium in the alloy forms a self-healing protective clear oxide layer. Due to this oxide layer, stainless steel fine watches are corrosion-resistant. The self healing nature of the oxide layer means the corrosion resistance of prestige watches remains intact regardless of fabrication methods. Even if the material surface is cut or damaged, it will self heal and corrosion resistance will be maintained. The corrosion of different grades of stainless steel high-end luxury watches will differ with various environments. Suitable grades of stainless steel best luxury watches will depend upon the service environment. Luxury watches, made of stainless steel are hardy and are not prone to scratching. The tough nature of stainless steel makes it a common metal used in watch manufacturing. Aside from being a classic in the industry of high-end watches, almost every timepiece contains stainless steel. Stainless steel cases can be repaired and any scratches to the casing can be buffed out easily.

  • Sterling Silver

    Sterling silver luxury watches are often characterized as pure silver timepieces, when in fact sterling silver is a silver alloy. Pure silver high-end watches are also called fine silver watches and are defined as 99.9% pure silver, but it is too soft for most uses. Sterling silver contains 92.5% silver, with the remaining 7.5% of another metal, most often copper. The addition of the less costly metal – called a base metal – serves to harden the resulting alloy so that the metal can be cast into shapes that it will retain with use. Sterling silver is marked with a stamp on the bottom of the piece. The shape of the stamp varies in different countries and in the US from one manufacturer of high-end luxury watches to the other. One of the most common uses of sterling silver is in making fine tableware. This typically includes utensils – knives, forks, and spoons – as well as coffee and tea service sets, with silver trays. A set of formal silverware might include several different types of forks which would be used in the place setting if the meal called for them. Famous designer watches, made of sterling silver always look fascinating. For example, a beautiful representative of prestige watches, Marcasite Mop 925 Sterling Silver Watch or another piece of fine watches, Infinity Sterling Silver Watch.

  • Stopwatch

    Famous designer watches with a stopwatch are created to measure the amount of time elapsed from a particular time when it is activated to the time when the watch is deactivated. These pieces of high-end watches have a stopwatch created for viewing at a distance, as in a sports stadium. The timing functions in such items of luxury watches are controlled by two buttons on the case. Pressing the top button starts the timer running, and pressing the button a second time stops it, leaving the elapsed time displayed. A press of the second button then resets the stopwatch to zero. The second button on the case of the representative of prestige watches is also used to record split times or lap times. When the split time button is pressed while the watch is running, the display freezes, allowing the elapsed time to that point to be read, but the watch mechanism continues running to record total elapsed time. Pressing the split button of the example of fine watches for a second time allows the timepiece to resume display of total time. Mechanical stopwatches are powered by a mainspring, which must be periodically wound up by turning the knurled knob at the top of the sample of high-end luxury watches. There are also digital stopwatches that are much more precise than mechanical timepieces.

  • Strap

    A luxury watch strap is a watch band accomplished of cloth, rubber, leather, or other non-metal material. Watch straps come in different configurations: hide-faced, padded, for larger men`s timepieces, hide-faced, flat, used on dress watches, flat fabric, favored by the military, moulded, shaped straps of rubber or plastic. Straps made of such materials as crocodile, alligator, or lizard is often used in luxury watches men. Sometimes, models of modern or vintage high-end watches have detachable bracelets which can be replaced with a standard watch strap. High-end luxury watches with simple bracelets and custom fit bracelet can be easily switched to a strap. There are also fine watches that may require special straps such as non-standard, model-specific strap connection and fixed pin or peg connection. These connections can be accommodated – but require “open-ended” straps. Once attached, this type of strap is not easily removed without damaging the strap. There are sample of prestige watches that can not be switched to a strap. To such types of timepiece refer watches with an integrated bracelet, when the bracelet and the case are either a single piece or an integrated design that does not include a standard strap connection. Loop end watch cases are common with the extremely dainty style of some vintage ladies timepieces. These were created to connect to loop bracelets. There are alternative bracelets to fit such timepieces, but not leather straps.

  • Sub-dial

    A sub-dial of luxury watches is a small dial placed inside the main dial on a watch face. Timepiece can have even four sub-dials. They give the information that is not provided by the main dial. Sub-dials of high-end watches are a common feature of multifunction timepieces such as chronograph, alarm watches, dual-time-zone watches and calendar watches. Sub-dials can give a lot of information. Chronograph watches those with a stopwatch function, use sub-dials to keep track of seconds and of elapsed minutes and hours. Calendar high-end luxury watches often have sub-dials with pointers indicating the month, date and sometimes day of the week. A moon phase sub-dial reveals what phase the moon is in by means of a disk that rotates beneath a small aperture. In mechanical fine watches that are powered by a mainspring rather than a battery, a sub-dial can be used to show how much power remains before the timepiece stops running. Such a sub-dial is called a “power-reserve indicator”. Prestige watches with the quartz movement are sometimes equipped with similar devices, showing how much power is left in the battery or energy cell. On an alarm best luxury watches that ring at a certain time, a sub-dial is used to set an alarm. Dual-time-zone timepieces have sub-dials that show the time in another time zone. Sometimes such sub-dials express the time in military fashion, on 24-hour, rather than 12-hour, basis.

  • Subsidiary Seconds

    The subsidiary seconds function in fine watches indicates the passing of seconds. It can be the only indication of seconds on a luxury watch or it can be combined with the center seconds function, that is the direct-drive second hand. Subsidiary seconds are located on a small sub-dial that is built in the main dial of the item of high-end watches This small sub-dial is usually located at the 9 o`clock position, on the left-hand side of the dial at the 6 o`clock position, at the bottom of the dial of prestige watches. On rare occasions, it can be positioned above or on the right-hand side of the dial of high-end luxury watches. Subsidiary seconds are recessed to increase the clearance between second and minute hand. Dials with subsidiary seconds were rare until 1810, although there is an example by Tompion that dates back to the 1680`s. Rare Subsidiary Seconds Verge Watch by Tompion is a great example of the best luxury watches. This rare watch will perfectly complement any collection. Another perfect sample of a timepiece with a subsidiary seconds is 18k Pink Gold Eterna Chronograph Watch with Subsidiary seconds. This vintage watch is the embodiment of elegance and is a real discovery for every collector. This timepiece that dates back to 1920, keeps the reminiscences of the history.

  • Super Quartz Movement

    Breitling is one of the several Swiss brands of luxury watches that persistently offers high-end Swiss quartz movement based additionally to mechanical watches. Breitling has designated thermocompensated high-end watches as ‘Super Quartz’ since 2002. A normal quartz movement is not equipped with a thermometer. The movement factor will not be changed despite its inner temperature changes. A thermocompensated quartz movement will be roughly 20 times more exact than a standard one. Super Quartz movement uses a system that can arrange for how temperature can effects the accuracy of the quartz regulator, giving general accuracy to the movement of just a few seconds per year. By the way, the Breitling luxury high-end watches brand added a few new features to their Super Quartz watches. That is a special count-up mission elapsed time indicator and a flight time chronograph. More that that Super Quartz models of the Breitling have the numerals that are easy to see, and the backlight is very impressive. As to the description of the concrete model of the Breitling’s Super Quartz high-end watches the Breitling Professional Airwolf SuperQuartz Watch model has stainless steel body with a black rubber bracelet; this fine watch is with Breitling 78 super quartz movement. The high-end watches like this are magnificent and very reliable and very accurate.

  • Swiss Made

    Like Champagne, Bordeaux, or Port, certain products have stringent standards, based on location or quality that must be met before carrying a particular designation. The Swiss have several organizations to ensure the integrity and reputation of Swiss watchmakers. The accepted standard for what constitutes a Swiss watch is a Swiss movement, set into its case in Switzerland, by a watchmaker of Swiss origin. A Swiss movement of luxury watches is defined as a movement that was created in Switzerland and whose Swiss movement elements constitute 50% or more of a movement`s total value. Movements that meet this requirement will carry a stamp with the words “Swiss”, “Swiss made”. If your luxury watch says “Swiss Movement”, it means that the inside parts of the timepiece are Swiss, but that the case is not, therefore it can`t carry the other stamps. If the case of the item of fine watches is Swiss, but the movement is not, it will say “Swiss case”. Swiss made timepieces are one of the most sought-after, highly valued designations in the industry of high-end watches. “Swiss made” includes the concept of quality that has been forged over the years. It also includes the technical quality of timepieces, such as precision, reliability, water resistance, shock resistance and the aesthetic qualities. The most famous Swiss luxury watch brands are: Baume & Mercier, Bulova, Cartier, Chopard, Hamilton, Gucci and Tissot.


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